Why read this? : We look at different approaches to becoming a more creative company. Learn how to encourage creators, and handle critics. And how to get more out of those who coast along on creativity. Read this to learn our 3C model on how to be a more creative company.
Great ideas and actions which meet customer needs are how businesses grow.
People have different views on creativity. That includes the people in your business you have to influence and motivate to be creative.
How people in your business see creativity determines how creative your company is.
Some call this ‘stakeholder management.’ But, they’re the same people who like using words like ‘paradigm shift’ and ‘game changer’. Don’t be one of those people.
Stakeholder management is a terrible management buzzword phrase which has hung around too long. It’s a real energy drainer. And it’s about as welcome as an Australian Prime Minister in the countryside right now.
Think ‘people’. Not ‘stakeholders’.
Influencing people to do stuff is how you get things done in business. It’s part of your culture. Who you need to influence are those who can help bring the idea to life. And you want to handle anyone likely to get in the way of making it happen. Simple, right? But wait a minute.
Challenges to being a more creative company
These people who “get in the way”, who are they and why do they do that?
Maybe it’s the factory manager? They tell you the production line is at full capacity. They can’t fit your new product in until next year.
Or maybe the finance manager? They ask you to justify your idea’s budget with a 3 month break-even plan so the P&L hits the next quarterly target.
Maybe it’s even the IT and procurement teams?
These processes, systems and checks are all part of managing a business to prevent risk. But, as our creative problem solving article shows, they don’t help you become a more creative company.
Hmm, not so simple.
The 3 types of responses to creativity
There are many different perspectives on creativity. Some come down to different creative personality types. Sometimes it’s your job role. For example, marketers deal with creativity regularly, but often have to explain it to non-marketers who don’t.
But the one we’re going to cover today, we call the 3C model of creativity. (not the most creative name, we know). This model is based on people’s openness and positivity towards new ideas. It splits people into 3 groups – creators, critics and coasters.
The creative company - Creators
Creators (as opposed to creatives) are those people who come up with new ideas and actions which grow the business.
Or they create new sales and trade channels, such as with new retailers or setting up an online store.
Creators are the catalysts for change. They’re the most vocal, visible and active at creating ideas and bringing them to life.
And yet, in most businesses, creators are in the minority. They’re free-thinkers, who are flexible, agile and push the boundaries. But these aren’t the behaviours most businesses encourage. In fact many actively discourage people from doing these things. (Check out our barriers to e-Commerce article for a real-life example). Senior leaders and HR people in your business might say otherwise. But the reality is creators are risk-takers. And risk-takers struggle in many businesses.
Most creators soon realise being creative within existing ‘set’ businesses is hard work.
Those existing businesses have a history. They have a set of control mechanisms which made them the business they are today.
But it’s that history and those control mechanisms which stop creators bringing in new thinking to make the business into something better tomorrow.
Current rules, processes and systems which drive efficiency of the current business often get in the way of creative ideas needed for future success.
For example, evolutionary marketing innovations like new flavours or pack sizes get through business stage-gates (which we’ll come to in a second). But only because they’re imitations of what’s gone before.
But revolutionary innovations get killed early. They rarely see the light of day. That’s because they run into our next creative type – the critics.
The creative company - Critics
The expression ‘everyone’s a critic’ is especially true when you’re trying to navigate something new through a business. Approval processes seem geared to promote critical behaviours.
Many businesses call each stage of the approval process a gate. You get through the gate to get to the next stage.
Think about it.
Gate meetings don’t encourage creators to be creative. They encourage critics to raise objections to an idea. Occasionally, it’s to make the idea stronger. But usually, it’s to kill them off. Because that’s the mindset you find in most ‘gate’ meetings. The focus is on preventing risk.
Have you researched your idea enough? Have you given the trade customer at least 6 months notice? Will it fit on their shelf? How much money will it make? How many people will it need? Is it better than what we’re doing now?
And on, and on, and on. A relentless barrage of questions from the critics. Prove us wrong, they say. Let’s make sure the company doesn’t make mistakes. Make sure the proper controls are in place to protect the business from risk.
But businesses need to take risks to survive and thrive. Like the famous quote, a ship in harbour is safe, but that’s not what ships are built for.
Facing the critics
Creators going into those stage-gate meetings end up feeling like Luke Skywalker taking on Darth Vader at the end of The Empire Strikes Back.
That scene where shortly before revealing the old Skywalker family tree, Darth (an obvious critic by the way) is throwing the weight of The Force at Luke.
But in gate meetings, it’s not bits of spaceship getting thrown at you. It’s forecasts. Investment thresholds. Risk matrices. And those are mentally, if not physically painful to fend off.
And before you know it, your idea’s slipping down into a deep dark hole.
Now, we’re not proposing a free for all and total anarchy in the way you do innovation. You need some checks and balances. (Like the Black Hat in the Six Hats creative thinking approach).
But if you look at what most innovation processes deliver, and how damn long it takes, surely there must be a way to swing the balance more towards creators?
We’re not against critical analysis. But it has to be done constructively. In the spirit of making innovation more likely to succeed.
And not in the spirit of luring new ideas into an organisational cul de sac to quietly die. And here’s where we come to our third group. It’s where the creativity battle is won or lost.
The creative company - Coasters
Most critics are unlikely to change. They’ve already gone over to the Dark Side.
They’ll see you trying to challenge them and their approval process as part of the ‘sport’ of them keeping control over the business.
You have to navigate past them, because you’ll struggle to ever change them.
But actually, in terms of pure numbers of people in a business, most people are neither creators or critics.
Most people are happy doing the job they were hired to do. It pays their mortgage and bills. They feel valued for their expertise when called upon. And they enjoy the benefits the company throws their way.
Health insurance. Company conferences. Free booze or biscuits. Whatever it is, they like it.
These are the ‘common people’ (thank you, Jarvis Cocker) who keep businesses going. They keep their heads down when creators and critics clash with each other, because they don’t like conflict.
We call them the coasters.
Find out what coasters want
Continuity and consistency are the underlying motivations for these types. A savvy ‘creator’ can tap into this motivation to help drive through new ideas.
Coasters like to follow processes. They love writing and reading reports. Going to all the regular town halls and business review meetings. They like these because they’re predictable and certain.
Appreciating that is how you get their support for your new idea. Show them how your idea helps their continuity and consistency motives, and you get their support in return.
Invite them to a creative thinking session so they can see the benefit of your new ideas.
Show how your idea adds to a long-term business and brand story which enhances the future growth of the business.
Highlight how NOT doing marketing innovation threatens the future of the business.
Those are motivating and scary words to anyone coasting though the business.
But persuasive creators can use that fear of creativity to motivate coasters to stop coasting.
So what’s our point?
Creators, critics and coasters is just one model to describe how people work with creativity. It’s a useful short-hand way to work out how to make your business a more creative company.
Everyone has a bit of ‘creator’ in them at some point. And probably a bit of a ‘critic’ too. But in reality, most people spend their time coasting.
So, we’re all creators, critics and coasters at some point. We can’t change the critics behaviour, but we can aim to nudge coasters out of their comfort zone and bring out their creator side. (see our Six Hats creative thinking article for more on this).
When you go into that ‘stage-gate’ meeting, ask them to decide which side they’re on. When you’re coasting and you spot a creator struggling, think about how to help. The next time it might be you on the receiving end of a critical attack. Because if it’s your business, and your creative culture, you know more creators are what you need to be a more creative company.
Conclusion - how to be a more creative company
If you want to be a more creative company, it’s important you encourage the creators, handle the critics and prod the coasters to be more supportive.
We love working with creators. And we love working with businesses to encourage creators to land more new ideas. Get in touch if you need help with becoming a more creative company.