Why read this? : The culture of your business shapes the way you handle creativity and innovation. We share how to build a culture that drives both improvement and breakthrough ideas. Learn how to match different creative types to your different innovation needs. Read this for ideas on how to build a culture that creates better breakthrough ideas.
We tag the topics our blog articles cover to make it easier to find content.
But we also use a tag word cloud on our main blog page to share which topics come up most often in our content.
When we looked at it this week, we were surprised how many tags relate to getting things done :-
- Way of working.
But it makes sense, right? Businesses need to get things done. But when we looked at some of the other popular tags, we saw it was more than just getting things done. It’s often about getting new things done :-
- Digital marketing.
That made us think about why those things come up so often. And for us, it’s because they’re hard to do. Doing new things which drive breakthrough ideas is hard. Hard to start. Hard to do. And hard to finish.
But if they’re hard, why do we do them? We like the way JFK’s famous man on the moon speech answers that question. He said we do hard things because they organise and measure the best of our energies and skills.
Hard things like explaining the benefits of digital marketing to those who don’t want to listen. Hard things like how to overcome the barriers that hold up e-Commerce. And hard things like the tough reality of marketing innovation.
Getting these hard new things done needs breakthrough ideas to change what you already do. But it’s usually easier to talk about a breakthrough idea than actually make it happen. Let’s look at why that might be.
Creators, critics and coasters
In our how to be a more creative company article, we showed you usually have 3 different groups of people in a business when it comes to new ideas.
First, you have creators. They find it easy to come up with ideas and love to make stuff .
Creators see problems as opportunities. They love to creatively come up with new and better ideas and answers.
Good ideas are good ideas. And even bad ideas spark thoughts which can lead to good ideas.
Businesses need ideas to thrive, but they need consistency and good decision-making too.
In most businesses, you find people who want to prevent bad ideas. They’re usually managers and directors. And they’re the critics.
They see new ideas as risks, not opportunities. Risks to the smooth running of the business.
They’re the ones who dislike change, and put up barriers to new projects (like in our barriers to e-Commerce and barriers to marketing articles). Yes, they stop you doing anything stupid. But, often they stop you doing anything at all.
Lastly, there’s those who keep the day to day business going – the coasters. They know the business needs creative thinking to grow. But they also worry about the consequences of making marketing mistakes.
So they only favour improvement ideas which improve the efficiency of the current way of working. And they try to ignore breakthrough ideas which disrupt their efficient routines.
The creator, the destroyer and the preserver
As an aside, after we wrote that original article, it occurred to us the creator, critics and coasters idea has a religious precedent. Religion’s not a topic we usually cover but the Trimurti of the Hindu gods is strangely similar to the idea of creators, critics and coasters.
The 3 Hindu gods of the Trimurti are Brahma the creator, Shiva the destroyer and Vishnu the preserver.
That little creative side-thought isn’t leading anywhere. Sometimes ideas just don’t. But it’s always interesting when you see an idea work in a completely different context (and one thought of thousands of years before we thought of it).
Manage the creators, critics and coasters
Anyway. Back to creative culture and breakthrough ideas. We’ll stay on topic now.
You might think just hire all creators and you’ll be good. But businesses aren’t that simple.
The trouble with creators is they only get their energy from the new stuff.
But that means they don’t get energy from the essential, but let’s face it duller, day to day stuff that also needs done to keep businesses going.
The financial reporting.
Operating the production line.
Managing teams so they deliver great customer service.
Someone has to do those things. They matter. And it’s what critics and coasters are good at. So you need them too.
Your culture has to find the right balance between operations mode and creative mode. Operations mode keeps the business engine going. Creative mode helps you find breakthrough ideas to steer the business in a new direction.
As per our generate more creative thinking ideas article, your culture needs to help people understand the differences between these 2 modes.
Operations mode is most people’s default. But creative mode, you need to signal that it’s “on”. Do this at the right time and in the right place. Set out team roles and responsibilities which will help you find breakthrough ideas outside operations mode. Make it clear that when creative mode is on, all ideas start off as valid until proven otherwise.
Improvement ideas and breakthrough ideas
Our marketing evolution versus marketing revolution article showed most ideas exist somewhere on a spectrum.
At one end, there’s improvement ideas which help the business evolve. They make small, continuous improvements to your existing offer.
At the other end, breakthrough ideas which revolutionise your business. They make big, bold moves into new ways of working.
But it also showed you can have ideas all along the spectrum. You can have a portfolio of improvement and breakthrough ideas.
Improvement ideas keep your business growing steadily. They help maintain momentum. Breakthrough ideas put you ahead of competitors. But they’re more risky.
A good creative culture finds the balance between improvement ideas and breakthrough ideas. Different businesses will have a different point of balance.
Look at Volkswagen, for example.
Every time they release a new Golf, people say it doesn’t look much different from the one before.
But check the press release, and you find they’ve made over a 1,000 small improvements from the previous version.
Not a single breakthrough idea, but many improvement ideas. And cumulatively these create a great new product.
Compare that to how new ideas work in the mobile phone market.
Nokia were big in the 1990s and early 2000s because they evolved mobile phones to not look like a house brick. To be easy to carry in your pocket.
And then along came the iPhone in 2007. That was revolutionary, a breakthrough idea.
Its touchscreen changed the way we interacted with our phones. Its mini-computer applications changed what we did on our phones.
The revolution happened and suddenly, Nokia was yesterday’s news.
But way before the iPhone, Apple had the Newton. Remember that? No, because it didn’t sell.
And though they launched the somewhat revolutionary iPod before they had the iPhone, how did they maximise the value of that idea? With the evolutionary and now discontinued iPod nano and the Ipod Shuffle.
Businesses thrive by creating both improvement and breakthrough ideas. Your creative culture needs to work out the right balance for your business.
Create an ideas driven culture
Culture is how things get done in your business. So if you want ideas – both improvement and breakthrough – your culture helps make them happen.
Identify your business’s creators, critics and coasters. And identify how much you need improvement or breakthrough ideas. Then, allocate people to projects which match their styles and creative strengths.
Evolutionary improvement ideas are relatively easy. They’re simple to understand, quick to activate and the returns are predictable. Who’s going to argue against that?
Breakthrough ideas on the other hand, much harder. Complex to understand. Slow to activate. And unpredictable. They may make the business go boom, but they could also make it go bust. Lots of arguments against that.
So, how do you give breakthrough ideas the best chance to survive?
Leadership sets the example
Culture in any business has to start somewhere. And the best place to start is from the top.
If you want a business that’s going to generate breakthrough ideas, the leadership team needs to set the example.
They need to establish a culture where people feel safe. Where they’re positively encouraged to put forward breakthrough ideas.
For us, the best example of leadership which encourages breakthrough ideas is Pixar. We’ve shared ideas we learned from Creativity Inc by one of its founders in a previous article on business writing that stands out.
Breakthrough ideas by definition “break” things. It’s up to the leadership team to define what they want to break. And what they don’t want to break. What they’ll accept as sound marketing decision-making, and what they’ll reject as crazy and impossible.
Leaders should know the creative strengths of the people in their teams. And know what types of creative projects those styles best fit. They then delegate projects to the people with the right creative approach for that type of project.
Creators thrive in a culture where it feels safe to come up with breakthrough ideas. Where they feel supported to refine ideas until they’re more polished.
It’s up to the leaders to create that culture. To send out the right messages and make the resources and support available. To back up the breakthrough ideas.
Make culture and strategy work together
There’s a well-known management saying by Peter Drucker that “culture eats strategy for breakfast“.
You usually hear it from smug leadership guru types who don’t really understand what it means.
Yes, culture’s important. But culture and strategy aren’t an either / or.
Having a good culture doesn’t relieve you of the need to have a clear strategy.
You need both.
You meet some people in business (often in high level HR roles for some reason), who like to play down the need for strategy. Too abstract and too confusing for most people. Culture’s what’s important they say. Culture’s how things happen after all.
But culture on its own isn’t enough. You need culture and strategy working together to make sure what happens is right for the business.
Breakthrough ideas don’t come from a formula which says Culture > Strategy or Strategy > Culture. Breakthrough ideas from Culture >< Strategy i.e. when you multiply culture and strategy together. When how you do things, and what you do work together.
You need to manage your culture. Don’t outsource it to leadership gurus or strategists.
Make sure the people who lead the culture also understand the business strategy. Culture and strategy need to work in harmony for the best results.
Set up constructive conflict, not destructive conflict
Finally, your creative culture needs to plan for and manage conflict.
Breakthrough ideas come out of conflict.
When ideas get challenged, when there’s healthy debate, ideas get better.
But watch out because there’s 2 types of conflict – constructive and destructive.
Obviously, constructive’s the one you want.
Constructive conflict focusses on making ideas better. It assumes positive intent. With constructive conflict, a creative culture encourages people to listen. To be honest. To be humble.
It encourages people to say “yes, and …” to build on ideas to make them better. Constructive conflict creates a safe environment for people to bounce breakthrough ideas off each other.
Destructive conflict on the other hand assumes negative intent. It’s designed to maintain people’s status and the business status quo. It encourages people to say “no, but …”, so ideas get killed.
It creates an unsafe environment. People hold back their breakthrough ideas because they expect criticism, insults and negativity.
So encourage constructive conflict, and discourage destructive conflict in your business. Get it right, and you’re on the way to a great creative culture.
(see also our article about the book Alchemy by Rory Sutherland, which talks about the value of having both logical and illogical thinking in your business).
Conclusion - Creative culture and breakthrough ideas
Getting new things done in any business is hard.
People’s preferences for the types of ideas they support differ. They disagree on what the business really needs to grow.
Improvement ideas evolve the business. They’re safe bets which deliver steady growth.
But, you need to leave them to the critics and coasters in your business who get their energy from making sure your business runs smoothly.
Breakthrough ideas aren’t smooth running. They’re much harder to manage. Creators love them, but breakthrough ideas scare most other people because they “break” things.
But breaking things can be good, because you replace what’s broken with something better. Strong leaders set the example for breakthrough ideas. They know how to manage culture and strategy together, and encourage constructive, not destructive conflict.
This is how you get a culture which delivers breakthrough ideas.